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Talk to your doctor about any concerns you have regarding the need for the test. Ask about its risks, how it will be done, or what the results will mean. To help you understand the importance of this test, fill out the medical test information form What is a PDF document? Colposcopy is usually done by a gynecologist , a family medicine physician , or a nurse practitioner who has been trained to do the test.

If a biopsy is done, the sample will be looked at by a pathologist. This test can be done in your doctor's office.

colposcopy and biopsy

You will need to take off your clothes below the waist. You will be given a covering to drape around your waist. You will then lie on your back on an exam table. Your feet will be raised and put in foot rests stirrups. The doctor will insert a lubricated tool called a speculum into your vagina.

It gently spreads apart the vaginal walls so your doctor can see inside the vagina and the cervix. The colposcope is moved near your vagina. Your doctor looks through it at the vagina and cervix. Vinegar acetic acid or iodine may be used on your cervix to make abnormal areas easier to see. Photos or videos of the vagina and cervix may be taken. If areas of abnormal tissue are found on the cervix, your doctor will take a small sample of the tissue. This is called a cervical biopsy.

When a colposcopy is needed

Usually several samples are taken. The samples are looked at under a microscope for changes in the cells that may mean cancer may be present or is likely to develop. If bleeding occurs, a special liquid Monsel's or silver nitrate swab may be used on the area to stop the bleeding.

If a sample of tissue is needed from inside the opening of the cervix, a test called endocervical curettage ECC will be done. This area can't be seen by the colposcope. So a small sharp-edged tool called a curette is gently put into the area to take a sample. ECC takes less than a minute to do. It may cause mild cramping. An ECC is not done during pregnancy. Colposcopy and a cervical biopsy usually take about 15 minutes.

You may feel some discomfort when the speculum is put in. You may feel a pinch and have some cramping if a tissue sample is taken. In rare cases, a cervical biopsy can cause an infection or bleeding. Bleeding can usually be stopped by using a special liquid or swab on the area.

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If you have a biopsy, your vagina may feel sore for a day or two. Some vaginal bleeding or discharge is normal for up to a week after the biopsy. The discharge may be dark-colored. You can use a sanitary pad for the bleeding. Do not douche, have sex, or use tampons for 1 week. This will allow time for your cervix to heal.

Cervical Cancer Surgery

Do not exercise for 1 day after your colposcopy. Follow any instructions your doctor gave you. Call your doctor if you have:. Your doctor will talk to you about what he or she sees at the time of the test. Lab results from a biopsy may take several days or more. The vinegar or iodine does not show any areas of abnormal tissue. The vagina and cervix look normal. A colposcopy generally takes 10 to 15 minutes. You may feel some minor discomfort during the colposcopy. A biopsy involves your doctor removing some tissue from the surface of the cervix, vagina or vulva.

This may be done during the colposcopy. The tissue sample is sent to a laboratory to be examined under a microscope by a pathologist. After a colposcopy with a biopsy, you may experience cramping similar to menstrual pain.

Definition of colposcopy - NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms - National Cancer Institute

You may want to ask your doctor for medicine to relieve the pain. There may also be some light bleeding or vaginal discharge for a few hours. Your doctor may advise you not to use tampons or have sexual intercourse for 2 to 3 days after a biopsy to enable the cervix to heal and reduce the risk of infection. Cone biopsy is used where abnormal glandular cells in the cervix or early-stage cancer is suspected.

A large loop excision of the transformation zone LLETZ is the most common procedure to remove cervical tissue for examination and treatment of pre-cancerous changes of the cervix. Clinical Specialties. Clinical Outcomes. Your Clinic Visit. Your Ward Stay. Visitor Guide. Find a GP Clinic.

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    What is colposcopy?

    X-ray Queue Watch. Home to skip to the main content on a page to skip to the main content on a page. Cervical Cancer Surgery - How to prevent? Cervical Cancer Surgery - Diagnosis Pap smear Pap smear test is commonly used as a screening test to detect pre-cancer changes. This enables your doctor to thoroughly examine your cervix and vagina so that you will not feel any discomfort.

    Also, a video scope cystoscopy will be used to check the inner lining of your bladder. This allows the doctor to determine the stage of the cancer. Cervical Cancer Surgery - Preparing for surgery. Cervical Cancer Surgery - Other Information.